What Is A Forest?
stated, a forest is where trees grow, however the Maine forest is not
simple. It is home to many organisms ranging from spruce trees to spruce
grouse, nematodes to nuthatches – and the non-living environment that
While it is common to refer to the Maine forest as one forest, the state is really home to many different types of forests. In fact, the forests of the state are among the most biologically diverse in North America and include 14 conifer, or cone-bearing trees, and 52 deciduous, or broadleaf trees.
Twenty-five forest community types are found in Maine; of these, eight are rare types. Because of the unique geographical position of the state, which straddles the colder spruce and fir forests of Canada to the north and the warmer hardwood forests to the south, some forest community types are rare because they are at the northern or southern limits of their growing range.
For example, the oak-hickory forest type and the Atlantic white cedar swamp are found only in southern Maine where temperatures remain milder in the winter than elsewhere in the state.
and Fir Forest
Spruce and fir forests make up 35% of the Maine forest. Spruce-fir is common in Aroostook, Penobscot, Piscataquis and Somerset counties. Red spruce, white spruce, black spruce, balsam fir and white cedar dominate this type. Wintergreen, bunchberry and lowbush blueberry grow in the understory and moose, gray jays and red squirrels make their home here.
Northern Mixed Hardwood Forest
#27: Every Tree for Itself